NDDB: Empowering India’s Dairy Sector


The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) plays a pivotal role in shaping the landscape of India’s dairy industry. Established in 1965, this statutory body has been instrumental in transforming the dairy sector, empowering farmers, and ensuring sustainable development. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the origins of NDDB, its key initiatives, and the profound impact it has had on the nation’s dairy sector.

Source: Dairy India

1. Genesis of NDDB

The NDDB was founded by Dr. Verghese Kurien, often hailed as the “Father of the White Revolution” in India. Driven by the vision to uplift rural communities and enhance milk production, NDDB was established with the support of the Indian government and various dairy cooperatives. The primary objective was to replicate the successful model of the Anand Milk Union Limited (AMUL) and extend its benefits to farmers across the country.

2. Key Initiatives of NDDB

NDDB has implemented several groundbreaking initiatives that have revolutionized the dairy sector. One of its flagship programs is Operation Flood, which aims to increase milk production and provide a reliable market for dairy farmers. This three-phase program, spanning from 1970 to 1996, significantly boosted milk production, making India the world’s largest milk producer.

Additionally, NDDB introduced the “Dairy Cooperative Movement,” fostering the formation of cooperatives at the grassroots level. These cooperatives empower farmers by giving them control over the procurement, processing, and marketing of milk and dairy products. The success of these cooperatives has not only improved the economic status of farmers but has also enhanced the overall quality of dairy products.

3. Technology and Innovation

NDDB has been at the forefront of adopting cutting-edge technology to improve dairy farming practices. The organization promotes the use of advanced breeding techniques, such as artificial insemination, to enhance the genetic potential of dairy cattle. This has resulted in increased milk yields, improving the livelihoods of farmers.

The adoption of Information Technology (IT) in the dairy sector is another focus area for NDDB. Through initiatives like NDDB Dairy Services, farmers have access to valuable information on best practices, market trends, and veterinary care. This technological integration has streamlined operations and connected farmers to a broader network, facilitating knowledge exchange.

4. Quality Assurance and Certification

Ensuring the quality and safety of dairy products is a priority for NDDB. The organization has implemented quality control measures and established certification programs, such as the “Clean Milk Production” initiative. This program emphasizes hygienic milk production practices, ensuring that the milk reaching consumers meets the highest standards of quality and safety.

The “AGMARK” certification, introduced by NDDB, further assures consumers of the authenticity and quality of dairy products. This certification has become a symbol of trust, strengthening the market for Indian dairy products both domestically and internationally.

5. Sustainable Development

NDDB is committed to promoting sustainable and eco-friendly practices in the dairy sector. The organization encourages the adoption of environmentally conscious farming methods and supports initiatives that reduce the carbon footprint of dairy operations. Through sustainable practices, NDDB envisions a future where dairy farming not only meets the growing demand for milk but also contributes to environmental conservation.

6. International Collaboration

NDDB has actively engaged in collaborations with international organizations and governments to exchange knowledge and best practices. These partnerships have facilitated the transfer of technology, research, and expertise, contributing to the global advancement of dairy farming. By participating in international forums and initiatives, NDDB continues to play a crucial role in shaping the global dairy landscape.


In conclusion, the National Dairy Development Board has been a driving force behind the success of India’s dairy industry. From its inception to the present day, NDDB has spearheaded initiatives that have transformed the lives of millions of dairy farmers and positioned India as a global leader in milk production. As the dairy sector continues to evolve, NDDB remains committed to innovation, sustainability, and the overall well-being of those at the heart of India’s dairy landscape.

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